Unit 3: Genetics Extras  Study Guide

Chapter 13 Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles Review
  1. In reproduction, one parent produces genetically identical offspring by fission or by .
  2. In reproduction, two parents produce offspring that have unique combinations of inherited from each parent.
  3. Genes are located on chromosomes, which can be visualized under the light microscope to create a .
  4. are sex cells that are produced in organs called by meiosis.
    Asexual and Sexual Life Cycles and Meiosis Overview:
  5. Since meiosis reduces the number of chromosome sets from to , two cellular divisions are required, preceded by a single .
    • Meiosis I is the chromosome division.
    • Meiosis II then produces haploid daughter cells.
    Review: Meiosis Animation
    Summary: difference between mitosis and meiosis.
  6. Sexual reproduction produces genetic by several mechanisms: independent , crossing , and random fertilization.
    Review: Genetic Variation
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